Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

1. What does household mean ?

A household is usually a group of persons who normally live together and take their meals from a common kitchen/common cooking unless the exigencies of work prevent any of them from doing so.

The persons in a household may be related or unrelated or a mix of both.

If any female member of a normal household decides or desires to declare herself as a separate household, she is treated as a separate household.

2. What information will be collected in rural areas during SECC 2011?

Information related to the following parameters will be collected at the level of the individual and household :

  • Occupation
  • Education
  • Disability
  • Religion
  • SC/ST Status
  • Name of Caste/Tribe
  • Income and Employment characteristics
  • Main source of income
  • Possession of Assets
  • Housing/Dwelling Type
  • Consumer Durables and Non-Durables
  • Land Ownership

3. Who are eligible to be recorded as members of a household?

  • All persons normally living together are to be recorded as HH members
  • All persons normally living together but staying away from the household on a short term seasonal migration and expected to come back within 6 months from the date of enumeration are to be recorded as member of the HH
  • In case the HH head is staying away from the HH for more than 6 months in the last one year, his/her individual particulars will not be recorded with the family. However, the household members currently employed in military/ paramilitary services will be recorded with their household.

4. Who are not to be treated as members of a household?

  • Temporary visitors and guests whose total period of stay is less than 6 months in the past one year.
  • Members who have permanently migrated or left the household on marriage, employment etc. even if they occasionally visit the HH.
  • A resident employee, or domestic servant or a paying guest taking common meal and living with the household.
  • Those who are not considered normal member.

5. How are the different education levels defined?

The highest educational level completed refers to the educational category successfully completed. For example, if the HH member studied up to class 10 but could not pass the 10th class Board Examination, s/he will be coded as middle.

Literate :
  • A person aged 7 and above who can both read and write with understanding in any language is to be taken as literate.
  • People who are blind and can read in Braille will be treated as literates.

It is not necessary that to be treated as literate, a person should have received any formal education or passed any minimum educational standard. Literacy could also have been achieved through adult literacy classes or through any non-formal educational system.

Illiterate :
  • A person who can neither read nor write.
  • A person who can merely read but cannot write in any language.
  • All children of age 6 years or less are treated as illiterate even if the child is going to a school and may have picked up reading and writing.

Primary: Passed 5th Standard but not passed 8th Standard.

Middle: Passed 8th Standard but not passed 10th Standard.

Secondary: Passed 10th Standard but not passed 12th Standard.

Higher Secondary: Passed 12th Standard but not completed graduation.

Graduate or higher: Completed graduation (degree holder)

Other: (e.g. diploma holder, polytechnic, vocational training etc.)

6. What does "Income Level" mean?

Income level is the monthly income of the household member with highest income. It does not include the income of other members of the household and does not reflect the total household income.

Highest earning member of the household need not be only male member but can also be a female member.

7. Where can I find data on "Other Backward Classes" (OBCs)?

All the castes other than Scheduled Castes (SC) and Scheduled Tribes (ST) are classified as "Others". There is no separate classification for households belonging to OBC category.

8. What does different house types (Kuccha House and Pucca house) mean?

A house is classified according to the material of wall and roof :

House Type Predominant material of wall of dwelling room Predominant material of roof of dwelling room
Kuccha House - Grass/thatch/bamboo etc.
- Plastic/polythene
- Mud/unburnt brick
- Wood
- Stone not packed with mortar
- Grass/thatch/bamboo/wood/mud etc.
- Plastic/polythene
- Handmade tiles
Pucca House - Stone packed with mortar
- G.I./metal/asbestos sheets
- Burnt brick
- Concrete

- Machine made tile
- Burnt brick
- Stone
- Slate
- G.I./metal/asbestos sheets
- Concrete
Semi-Kuccha House - Grass/thatch/bamboo etc.
- Plastic/polythene
- Mud/unburnt brick
- Wood
- Stone not packed with mortar

- Machine made tile
- Burnt brick
- Stone
- Slate
- G.I./metal/asbestos sheets
- Concrete
Semi-Pucca House - Stone packed with mortar
- G.I./metal/asbestos sheets
- Burnt brick
- Concrete
- Grass/thatch/bamboo/wood/mud etc.
- Plastic/polythene
- Hand made tiles

9. How will the households be ranked in rural areas?

Households will be ranked through a three-step process :

A set of households will be automatically EXCLUDED, All the households surveyed as a part of SECC-2011 will be checked for exclusion criteria.

A household with any of the following will be excluded automatically:

  • Motorized two/three/four wheeler/ fishing boat (E1)
  • Mechanized three/four wheeler agricultural equipment (E2)
  • Kisan Credit Card with credit limit of Rs. 50,000 and above (E3)
  • Household with any member as a Government employee (E4)
  • Households with non-agricultural enterprises registered with the Government (E5)
  • Any member of the family earning more than Rs. 10,000 per month (E6)
  • Paying income tax (E7)
  • Paying professional tax (E8)
  • Three or more rooms with all rooms having pucca walls and roof (E9)
  • Own a refrigerator (E10)
  • Own Landline phone (E11)
  • Own 2.5 acres or more of irrigated land with at least 1 irrigation equipment (E12)
  • 5 acres or more of irrigated land for two or more crop seasons (E13)
  • Owning at least 7.5 acres of land or more with at least one irrigation equipment (E14)

A set of households will be automatically INCLUDED, After the above mentioned exclusion criteria has been applied, all the households that do not get excluded will be checked for inclusion criteria.

A household with any of the following will be included automatically:

  • Households without shelter(I1)
  • Destitute/ living on alms(I2)
  • Manual scavengers(I3))
  • Primitive tribal groups(I4)
  • Legally released bonded labourers(I5)

After the above mentioned exclusion and inclusion criteria have been applied, the remaining households will be ranked using 7 Deprivation Indicators. Households with the highest deprivation score will have the highest priority for inclusion in the list of households below the poverty level.

The following are the deprivation indicators:

  • Households with only one room, kucha walls and kucha roof(D1)
  • No adult member between the ages of 16 and 59(D2)
  • Female headed households with no adult male member between 16 and 59 (D3)
  • Households with disabled member and no able bodied adult member(D4)
  • SC/ST households(D5)
  • Households with no literate adult above 25 years(D6)
  • Landless households deriving a major part of their income from manual casual labour(D7)

10. What does "atleast one exclusion" OR "atleast one inclusion" mean?

A household may satisfy one or more of exclusion criteria. "Atleast one exclusion" pertains to the number of households that satisfy atleast one exclusion criteria.

Similarly, a household may satisfy one or more of inclusion criteria. "Atleast one inclusion" pertains to the number of households that satisfy atleast one inclusion criteria.

11. The "source of income" does not seem to cover all the income sources. Why is this so?

The statistics for sources of income mentioned on this portal pertain to only the rural households. The sources of income for rural households are broadly classified into 6 main categories which are most relevant to rural households. The remaining types of sources of income are classified into the category "others".

Following are the different categories for source of income:

  • Cultivation
  • Manual Casual Labour
  • Part-time or Full-Time Domestic Service
  • Foraging / Rag Picking
  • Non-agricultural Own Account Enterprise
  • Begging/Charity/ Alms collection
  • Others

Also, the household having their source of income from salary are not covered under these categories. There is a separate classification for the salaried households.

12. What types of households are classified under "salaried"?

Any household where the head of the household is getting a regular monthly salary from any employer is classified under "salaried". These households are further classified in the following three categories:

  • Salary from Govt Job
  • Salary from Public Sector Job
  • Salary from Private Sector Job

13. What are the different categories under the "ownership status of house"?

There are 3 different categories of "ownership status of the house" for rural areas, as mentioned below:

  • Owned House: If a household is occupying the house owned by itself and is not making payments in the form of rent to anyone, then the household is considered as living in owned house. A household living in a Flat or a house taken on 'ownership' basis on payment of instalments, is also regarded as owning the house, notwithstanding the fact that all the instalments have not been paid.
  • Rented House: A housing unit is rented if rent is paid or contracted for by the household in cash or even in kind. In a few cases, it may also be possible that the household has actually taken the house on rent but not paying the rent on account of dispute with the owner or for some other reason. In this situation too, the household would be treated as living in a rented house.
  • Other: Any house not falling in the above categories (e.g. rent free accommodation or occupied the unused houses etc.) are classified as "Other".

14. How is the number of dwelling rooms counted in a house?

A room is treated as a dwelling room if it meets all of the following conditions:

  • It has walls with a doorway
  • It has a roof
  • It is wide and long enough for a person to sleep in

15. What type of rooms can be classified as dwelling rooms?

  • A dwelling room would include living room, bedroom, dining room, drawing room, study room, servant's room and other habitable rooms.
  • A room, used for multipurpose such as sleeping, sitting, dining, storing, cooking, etc. is also regarded as a dwelling room.
  • Tent or conical shaped hut if used for living by any household is also considered as dwelling room.
  • In case the household owns more than one house, enter the total number of rooms in the house in which the household currently resides.

16. What type of rooms cannot be classified as dwelling rooms?

  • Kitchen, bathroom, latrine, store room, passageway and veranda which are not normally usable for living are not considered as dwelling rooms.
  • However, if a garage or servant quarter is used by a servant and if she/he also lives in it as a separate household then this has been considered as a dwelling room available to the servant's household.
  • A dwelling room, which is shared by more than one household, has not been counted for any of them.
  • If two households have a dwelling room each but in addition also share a common dwelling room, then the common room has not been counted for either of the households.
  • The room(s) used for purposes other than residence will not be recorded as a dwelling room.
  • If the there is only one room in a house which is used as a shop or office but the household also stays in it then also it is not considered as a dwelling room.
  • A dwelling room which is shared by more than one household will not be counted for any of them. In other words, only dwelling room exclusively in the possession of the household will be counted.

17. What are the different categories of disabled persons?

Disability types are defined as follows:

  • In Seeing: A person will be considered as having disability 'In seeing' if s/he:
    • Cannot see at all; or
    • Has no perception of light even with the help of spectacles; or
    • Has perception of light but has blurred vision even after using spectacles, contact lenses etc.
    • Can see light but cannot see properly to move about independently; or
    • Has blurred vision but had no occasion to test if her/his eyesight would improve after taking corrective measures.

    Following persons are not considered as disabled in seeing:

    • Persons with no vision in one eye but full vision in the other eye (one eyed persons).
    • Persons having night blindness alone.
    • Persons having colour blindness alone.

  • In Hearing: A person will be considered as having disability 'In Hearing' if she/he:
    • Cannot hear at all
    • Has difficulty in hearing day-to-day conversational speech (hard of hearing); or
    • If she/he is using a hearing aid.

    Persons having problem in only one ear will not be considered as having hearing disability. The condition of both the ears will be taken into consideration for treating a person as disabled 'In Hearing'.

  • In Speech: A person will be considered having disability 'In Speech', if she/he is above the age of 3 years and:
    • Can not speak at all or
    • Unable to speak normally on account of certain difficulties linked to speech disorder; or
    • Able to speak in single words only and is not able to speak in sentences; or
    • Stammers to such an extent that the speech is not comprehensible.
      However, persons who stammer but whose speech is comprehensible will not be treated as disabled in speech.

  • In Movement: A person will be considered as having disability 'In Movement' if she/he has a disability of bones, joints or muscles of the limbs leading to substantial restriction of movement. This would cover persons who:
    • Do not have one or both arm(s)/ hand(s) /leg(s)
    • Are paralysed and are unable to move; or
    • Are unable to walk but crawl to move from one place to the other; or
    • Are able to move only with the help of caliper/s, wheelchair, tricycle, walking frame, crutches etc.; or
    • Have acute and permanent problems of joints/muscles that have resulted in limited movement; or
    • Have lost all the fingers or toes or a thumb; or
    • Are not able to move or pick up any small thing placed nearby; or
    • Have stiffness or tightness in movement, or have loose, involuntary movements or tremors of the body or have fragile bones; or
    • Have difficulty in balancing and coordinating body movements; or
    • Have loss of sensation in the body due to paralysis or leprosy or any other reason; or
    • Have any deformity of the body part/s like having a hunch back; or
    • Are very short statured (dwarf).

  • Mental Retardation: Mental Retardation means a condition of arrested or incomplete development of mind of a person which is specially characterized by sub-normality of intelligence. A person will be considered as having the disability of 'Mental Retardation' if she/he:
    • Lacks understanding/comprehension as compared to her/his own age group; or
    • Is unable to communicate her/his needs when compared to other persons of her/his age group; or
    • Has difficulty in doing daily activities like looking after toilet needs, cleaning teeth, bathing, wearing clothes, taking care of personal hygiene and nutrition and general household tasks; or
    • Has difficulty in understanding routine instructions; or
    • Has extreme difficulty in making decisions, remembering things or solving problems.

  • Mental Illness: A person will be considered as having Mental Illness if she/he has a psychological or behavioural pattern associated with distress or disability that is not a part of normal development. The affected person is generally not able to cope with the problem. In general a person will be considered as having the disability of 'Mental Illness' if she/he :
    • Is taking medicines or other treatment for mental illness; OR
    • Exhibits unnecessary and excessive worry and anxiety, unexplained withdrawal or problems in sleep, loss of appetite and/or depression, thought of dying, unattended personal hygiene; or
    • Exhibits repetitive (obsessive-compulsive) behaviour/thoughts; or
    • Exhibits sustained changes of mood or mood swings (joy and sadness) leading to having many days or weeks of not being able to function and behave normally; or
    • Has unusual experiences - such as hearing voices, seeing visions, experience of strange smells or sensations or strange taste; or
    • Exhibits unusual behaviours like talking/laughing to self, staring in space, excessive fear and suspicion without reason; or
    • Has difficulty in social interactions and adapting at home, at school, at workplace or generally in society.

  • Other disability: Any disability that is not covered under any of the above listed categories, e.g. Autism etc.
  • Multiple disability: Multiple Disabilities means a combination of two or more disabilities.

18. What does "descending" mean in the statewise reports?

The state wise data is displayed under two heads - Main & Descending. Under the "Descending" head, the data has already been sorted for your convenience in the statewise reports. The sorting has been done from highest to lowest value on the various parameters e.g. (no. of gram panchayats, tehsils etc.) in that particular report.