Overview (Urban)

Socio-Economic Caste Census-2011 (SECC-2011) is a survey of socio economic particulars of rural and urban households comprising three components viz. Census in Rural Area has been conducted by the Ministry of Rural Development (MoRD), Census in Urban areas under the administrative jurisdiction of the Ministry of Housing and Urban Poverty Alleviation (MoHUPA) and Caste Census under the administrative control of Ministry of Home Affairs, Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India (under the overall coordination of Ministry of Rural Development).

SECC-2011 commenced on 29th June, 2011 through a comprehensive door to door enumeration across the country carried out by respective State Govt. / UT administraiton. The data of the exercise is now available for policy, research and for implementing various development programmes. It is therefore necessary that the data is understood with respect to the questionnaire. The following needs to be consciously taken on record while using SECC data.

(i) The SECC data is respondent based input along with the counter sign of enumerator. The data is the "revealed data" by the household to the enumerator. However, collected data also meets the approval of District Administration.

(ii) The structure of the houses of household is described in SECC as Kuccha or Pucca depending on the respondent based information on predominant material used in walls and roof.

(iii) Ownership status of the house is respondent based information.

(iv) Main source of income related to household has been clarified in urban areas Beggar; rag-picker; Domestic worker ;Street vendor/cobbler/hawker/other service provider working on streets ; Construction worker/ plumber/ mason/ labor/ painter/ welder/ security guard/coolie and other head-load worker; Sweeper/ sanitation worker / mali ; Home-based worker/ artisan/handicrafts worker / tailor ; Transport worker/ driver/ conductor/helper to drivers and conductors/cart puller/ rickshaw puller ; Shop worker/ assistant/ peon in small establishment/ helper/ delivery assistant / attendant/ waiter ; Electrician/ mechanic/ assembler/repair worker; Washer-man/ chowkidar ; Other work/Non-work ; Non-work (Pension/ Rent/ Interest, etc.)

(v) Some nuances of data may require clarification, which may be obtained from the guidelines/instruction manual for SECC 2011 survey for urban areas available at MoHUPA website mhup.gov.in

(vi) SECC urban data is compilation of more than 6 lakh enumeration blocks that were formed during Census-2011 with each enumeration block having roughly 125 households.

Census 2011 and Socio Economic Census 2011

(i) The data of SECC does not and cannot super impose itself fully on the census data. While there is a high degree of compatibility in the two sets of data the findings could be different because the duration of census and that of SECC is different. Census 2011 on the other hand was conducted during the period 9th to 28th February 2011. Socio Economic Caste Census 2011 was largely carried out in 2011 and 2012 with a few states taking enumeration and verification in 2013 also.

(ii) Only Statutory Towns are enumerated as urban in SECC 2011

(iii) In Census of India 2011 Urban includes 'Census towns' where as in SECC 2011 'Census towns' are considered as rural

(iv) iv. A common methodology was used to conduct the SECC-2011 in both urban and Rural areas. The survey questionnaire, however, was different.

  • The decennial Census of India is carried out under Census Act, 1948. According to this Act, Government must keep individual's personal information confidential. Besides aim of regular Population Census is to provide overview, it is not concerned with any particular individual / household. In short personal data given in Population Census is confidential. On the contrary all the personal information given in the Socio Economic Caste Census (SECC) is open for use by Government departments to grant and/ or restrict benefits to households. This required the right of verification of socio economic profile prepared by enumerators, verifiers and supervisors of state government of households to be shared in transparent manner with households. This entailed mid track change in process of SECC 2011 which were introduced in November 2012. A process of complaints/ objections to be entertained under a pre-defined process after publication of draft SECC list was institutionalised. Accordingly, all published Draft District Lists were put for public scrutiny and were displayed for public viewing on a date decided by the District Collector/Deputy Commissioner/District Magistrate/Municipal Commissioner in charge of SECC for the urban area concerned. As per instruction manual, the draft list may be published at prominent places in the City/town in the following manner:

    (A) One list at a prominent place in the Ward preferably the ward office or the designated place where claims and objections forms are to be received.

    (B) One list at prominent place in Municipal Corporation /Town Municipal Office.

    (C) One list as an office copy to be kept at the Ward Office and also City/Town Municipal Office.

    (D) One copy for NIC for uploading at https://sec-census.nic.in except names of caste/tribe/religion details. Complaints / Objections were to be thereafter examined by designated officers within mandated 45-82 days.

The status of SECC as on 31.03.2016 is as under


i.   Districts Covered 630
ii.   Enumeration Completed 630
iii.   Verification Completed 630
iv.   Draft List Published 630
v.   Final List Published 630
vi.   Claims & Objections Invited & Resolved 100%

Roles & Responsibilities

  • Ministry of Rural Development
    1. Policy approval from Cabinet
    2. Software Development and Quality check of data
    3. Questionnaire
    4. Training Manual
    5. Publicity and setting up Toll free call center
    6. Continuation of Staff in the States
    7. Convening National Meetings
    8. Financial sanctions for entire Census
    9. Procurement of HHDs
    10. Engaging CPSEs and NIC
    11. Independent monitoring by research/ NGO agencies

  • Ministry of Housing Urban and Poverty Alleviation
    1. Policy approval from Cabinet
    2. Questionnaire
    3. Training Manual
    4. Publicity
    5. Continuation of Staff in the States
    6. Monitoring and supervision
    7. Quality check of data

  • State Government
    1. Approvals of the State/UT Government
    2. Appointment of field functionaries
    3. Training
    4. Local level Publicity
    5. Coordination and Supervision
    6. Timely completion of field survey
    7. Timely utilization of funds
    8. Proper accounting of funds

  • Office of Registrar General of India
    1. Supervision during Training
    2. Supervision during Field work
    3. Inputs for developing Training Manual
    4. Troubleshooting regarding Software

  • Layout Maps
    1. Supervision during Training
    2. Supervision during Field work
    3. Inputs for developing Training Manual
    4. Troubleshooting regarding Software

Process Prescribed for SECC 2011

  • Methodology
    1. Respondent based canvasser method would be adopted for the survey
    2. The Enumerator (a Government servant) would ask the questions, while a data entry operator to be provided by consortium of Central Public Sector Enterprises (CPSEs) will enter the responses into a hand held device.
    3. Acknowledgement slips will be provided to each household after the enumeration.

  • Hand Held Devices
    1. The database created during the National Population Register (NPR) would be utilized. This would be loaded onto hand held devices
    2. The Tablet PC and software would be provided by M/s Bharat Electronics Limited (BEL)

  • Administrative set-up
    1. The Principal Secretary of the State/UT Departments would be in charge of Rural Development in case of rural areas and Urban Development in case of urban areas would be responsible for conducting the survey in the State/ UT concerned
    2. The Collectors/DMs would conduct the survey in their respective jurisdictions.
    3. They would utilize the services of Tehsildars/ BDOs at the sub-district level and the revenue development machinery below them
    4. The data would be canvassed by enumerators who would have to be appointed at the local level. As teachers cannot be utilized for this survey due to the restrictions laid down in the Right of Education Act, the enumerators will have to be appointed from among the revenue/development/health functionaries. Therefore, Patwaries, Panchyat secretaries, Asha workers, Anganwari workers, municipal workers and postal workers may have to be appointed for this purpose. The Collectors would appoint these enumerators.

  • Training
    1. A cascade approach for training will be adopted. National level Trainers will train State level trainers who would in turn train the District level Trainers. The District level trainers would ultimately train the enumerators and supervisors.

  • Field activities
    1. The Collectors/Corporation Commissioners will be in charge of field activities. Supervision of the field level activities would be done by the district level/municipal officials. The Directorates of Census Operations in each State/UT would also deploy available staff to the districts for supervision and coordination

  • Coordination at the Central Government level
    1. A Committee consisting of Secretaries of the Ministry of Home Affairs, Ministry of Rural Development, Ministry of Housing and Urban Poverty Alleviation (HUPA) and the Registrar General, India would be constituted at the Central Government level to coordinate the survey.

  • Publicity
    1. Publicity for the survey will be done by the concerned Ministries through Directorate of Audio-Visual Publicity (DAVP), Doordarshan and AIR.

  • Administrative prerequisites
    1. Conferences of Chief Secretaries/ RD Secretaries/ UD Secretaries will be convened to apprise the State authorities about the significance as well as process of the survey. Besides, a Conferences of Collectors/DMs will also be convened.

  • Financial sanctions
    1. The proposals for financial sanctions will be moved by the Ministry of Rural Development for both urban and rural areas. The expenditure will then be apportioned between the MoRD and MoHUPA.

Claims & Objection Process Prescribed

  • On completion of the enumeration process, the draft list of SECC-2011 will be published for public viewing on a date decided by the District Collector/Deputy Commissioner/District Magistrate/Municipal Commissioner in charge of SECC for the urban area concerned. The draft list may be published at prominent places in the City/town in the following mann

    • One list at a prominent place in the Ward preferably the ward office or the designated place where claims and objections forms are to be received.
    • One list at prominent place in Municipal Corporation /Town Municipal Office.
    • One list as an office copy to be kept at the Ward Office and also City/Town Municipal Office.
    • One copy for NIC for uploading at https://sec-census.nic.in
       
  • Following forms were used to entertain the claims and objections:
    1. Form A is meant for use of public for filing objections to the information furnished by the household(s) during SECC 2011
    2. Form B is meant for use of public for corrections/ modifications of his/her particulars and other member(s) of his/her family in the Draft Publication of Information of SECC 2011
    3. Form C is for the inclusion of those families/households that were omitted/ away from usual place of residence at the time of enumeration for SECC 2011.
    4. Form D is a notice to the person in respect of whom objection has been made in the Draft Publication of Information for SECC 2011.

  • Following are the steps for handling claims and objections:
    1. Receipt of claims and objection by receiving officer
    2. Disposal of claims & objections by designated officer in 7 days
    3. Appeal against the Designated officer's decision
    4. Publication of final list.

Summary Results of SECC-2011 Urban Data

(Provisional)


POPULATION 299.99 Million HOUSEHOLDS 65.13 Million
- Million % - Million %
Male 156.56 52.19 Ownership Status
Female 143.38 47.79 Owned 48.18 74.00
Transgender 0.03 0.01 Rented 14.34 22.02
Shared 0.61 0.94
Caste-Wise Population Living on Premises With Employer 0.27 0.42
SC 37.04 12.35 House Provided by Employer 0.93 1.43
ST 7.65 2.55 Any other 0.68 1.04
Age Wise Population No. of Rooms of House
< 6 22.22 7.41 Houseless 0.10 0.15
6 - <18 65.72 21.91 No Exclusive Room 0.61 0.94
18 - 60 188.48 62.83 1 room 15.93 24.46
> 60 23.56 7.85 2 room 22.71 34.87
3 room 13.62 20.92
Literacy Level of Population > 3 Room 12.14 18.64
Illiterate & < Primary 81.59 27.20
Primary to Higher Secondary 173.64 57.88 Drinking Water Source (From Premise)
Graduation or Higher 39.18 13.06 Within 46.97 72.11
Others 5.56 1.85 Near 13.20 20.27
Away 4.95 7.60
Periodicity of Wages Earned
Daily 28.63 9.54 Main Source of Light
Weekly 6.94 2.31 Electricity 61.78 94.85
Monthly 57.55 19.18 Kerosene 2.29 3.51
Irregular 11.29 3.76 Solar 0.11 0.17
Other Oil 0.13 0.20
Any other 0.15 0.23
Population Having Disability No lighting 0.66 1.01
In Seeing 0.59 0.20
In Hearing 0.25 0.08 Waste Water Outlet Connection
In Speech 0.20 0.07 Closed Drainage 36.59 56.17
In Movement 0.72 0.24 Open Drainage 20.15 30.93
Mental Retardation 0.24 0.08 No Drainage 8.38 12.86
Mental Illness 0.20 0.07
Other Disability 0.56 0.19 Assets
Multiple Disability 0.38 0.13 Refrigerator 31.48 48.34
Landline Only 1.36 2.09
Mobile Only 51.91 79.70
Population Living Status Both Phone 5.55 8.51
Normal 298.27 99.42 No Phone 6.32 9.70
Institutional 1.39 0.46 Computer/Laptop With Internet 6.23 9.57
Houseless 0.31 0.10 Computer/Laptop Without Internet 4.15 6.36
Living in Shelter 0.23 0.08 Motorized Two Wheeler 23.61 36.25
Motorized Three Wheeler 0.92 1.42
Motorized Four Wheeler 5.39 8.27
Slum Population Motorized no Wheeler 35.21 54.06
Slum 60.90 20.30 Air Conditioner 6.28 9.65
Non- Slum 239.09 79.70 Washing Machine 16.05 24.64
Slum Households
Source of Income Slum 13.16 20.21
Beggar 0.15 0.05 Non- slum 51.97 79.79
Rag Picker 0.10 0.03
Domestic Worker 6.20 2.07 Head of the HH
Street Vendor 1.94 0.65 Male 56.21 86.29
Construction Worker 18.93 6.31 Female 8.92 13.69
Sanitation Worker 1.30 0.43 Minor 0.39 0.60
Home Based Worker 6.79 2.26
Transport Worker 4.79 1.60 Caste Wise Households
Shop Worker/Assistant 7.46 2.49 SC 7.90 12.13
Electrician/ Mechanic/Assembler 2.49 0.83 ST 1.66 2.54
Washer-Man 0.94 0.31
Other Work 58.26 19.42 General HH Status
Non-Work (Pension/ Rent/ Interest, etc) 17.71 5.90 Normal 64.76 99.42
No Income From Any Source 172.71 57.57 Institutional 0.27 0.42